DISTINGUISH TRUTH NOBILITY FROM FALSE
Accurate history hinge on realism, not publication on
the internet by a self-appointed "authority." History, like science,
has experts but no authorities.
Descendant from nobility does not automatically make you a noble. You must prove without doubt to be the rightful and direct line of the nobility ancestor. Need a serious professional genealogist researcher because there may be cases where the nobility is only for the person who receives the noble concession and not his.
Centuries after the American and French revolutions, a global market flourishes in false titles of nobility and self-styled orders of chivalry. This occurrence is because it provide to a general common desire to feel virtuous about oneself, a sense of well-being dependent on the drive to assert one's distinctiveness and the yearning for recognition.
False titles of nobility are supposed titles of nobility that have been fabricated and are not recognized by any government and were not so recognized in the past, even in countries in which titles of nobility once existed or still exist. They have received an increasing amount of press attention, as the number of schemes that attempt to sell these titles has increased. False titles are also sometimes connected to self-styled orders of chivalry.
A monarch, whether reigning or deposed cannot create a law for other countries or entities outside of his territorial authority. A valid monarch is restricted to his or her own jurisdiction and does not have authority outside of that boundary. He or she can legally establish rules only in his or her own lawful land or dominion but does not have authority or right to change anything in another nation's territorial possession. That is, a monarch in the Central Africa cannot change the legal situation for a claimant in Western Asia or in the Americas, nor can he or she, or anyone for that matter, have the right to change a falsehood into a legal right or make a lie true outside of his or her own restricted jurisdiction. Moreover, always if he is still on the throne, out of the throne his concessions are private and are not recognized internationally by those countries that recognize the successor state.
The most important thing to do when considering any claim is to be distrustful. This is not a time to be credulous or easy prey. The shaded nature of many claims are kept hidden and disguised. They are not transparent. They do not want you to uncover their fraudulence.
Can a sovereign recognize a claim, whatever the antecedence of that claim, such a claim has ceased to be “false” by virtue of the act of its sovereign recognition?
Recognition by a valid sovereign entity, ". . . negates any debate over our (ambiguous) origins. That is absurd. Does a sovereign have the legal right to make the world flat, make the Sun revolve around the earth or give Mickey Mouse or Cinderella sovereignty? Not only does this statement contravene common sense and good reason, but also it is absolute rubbish, which any reasonable person can see very clearly.
Can a sovereign give an Order of Chivalry independent sovereignty?
Recognition by a true and authentic king or sovereign prince cannot give an order of chivalry independent sovereignty. “Sovereignty is neither created by recognition nor destroyed by no recognition.” Sovereigns cannot make other people or organizations independently sovereign without losing their own right to rule, because they would have to transfer the supreme right to that group. Some bogus Orders of Chivalry claim that this or that ancient sovereign in history made them independently sovereign. The problem is that is a legal impossibility. If legitimate sovereigns had this power in international law, questionable sovereigns, instead of selling noble titles or knighthoods, would be creating thousands of new sovereign monarchs, who would have no territories and no real rights.
The claim that ecclesiastical have sovereignty.
Sovereignty is a secular right, not a religious one. Some bring up the Pope saying he is a religious leader who has sovereignty. However, they fail to understand that the Pope, besides being a spiritual leader, he is also the elected prince or ruler of an internationally recognized sovereign territory and still holds the deposed or de jure rights to the former Italian Papal territories once ruled over by the Popes.
The Pope, also known as the supreme pontiff is the bishop of Rome, head of the worldwide Catholic Church, and head of state or sovereign of the Vatican City State.
Religious leaders, with the exception of the Pope, have no secular rights. They can only give out private religious awards. That is, the reward systems that can be awarded as a honor to their faithful even in imitation of Orders of Merit but must be used and have value only within the Church that granted them.
The lack of recognition by the Holy See does not exclude the right of those who have historical legitimacy as successors of the great period, to reorganize the order as a juridical person of canon law (association of the Christian faithful) and civil association. However, they must have at least the recognition of some Ordinary Diocesan (Bishop).
Dr. Pier Felice degli Uberti, well known and respected researcher, scholar, president of ICOC (International Commission for Orders of Chivalry), “In fact, it is possible to reorganize the Order as an association of the faithful and as a civil association, also taking into account the laws in the various countries and international law. Remember that at the moment no country in the world could recognize this right. Only Italy authorizes the use of the Orders of the pre-unification dynastic historical heritage. Outside of Italy, no country recognizes orders from the historical heritage of a nation. With civil laws, historical organization can be attributed the right value for carrying out statutory activities…. The question is whether this person has historical legitimacy or if he is a fanciful. Obviously all those organizations that have NO historical legitimacy are Self-styled orders or false orders….”
A private association of the Christian faithful freely designates its moderator and officials according to the norm of the statutes. Under the 1917 Code of Canon Law, groups of laity that gathered with a common purpose and apostolate were called piae uniones ("pious unions"). With the replacement of the former code by the 1983 Code of Canon Law, they were referred to as associations of the faithful. Nevertheless, they must always have the approval of the diocesan ordinary where they are based.
A private association of the Christian faithful can freely choose a spiritual advisor, if it desires one, from among the priests exercising ministry legitimately in the diocese; nevertheless, he needs the confirmation of the local ordinary. No private association of Christ's faithful is recognized in the Church unless the competent authority has reviewed its statutes. Associations that are approved on an international level are approved by the Dicastery for the Laity, Family and Life (previously by the Pontifical Council for the Laity) and listed in the Directory of International Associations of the Faithful. Associations that exist on a national level are approved by a country's episcopal conference, while the local bishop approves those at a diocesan level.
THE CODE OF CANON LAW Book II: THE PEOPLE OF GOD Part I: CHRIST'S FAITHFUL TITLE V: ASSOCIATIONS OF CHRIST'S FAITHFUL Can. 298, § 2. http://bbg.org.za/org/cic.htm
Micro-nations have no right to bestow knighthoods.
No Micronation has any real, genuine or authentic right to bestow true titles of nobility or bestow knighthoods. They are fantasy countries. These nations usually exist only on paper, on the Internet, or in the minds of their creators. They are make-believe with no actual sovereign authority.
We have all heard of places like Liechtenstein and the Vatican, tiny European nations with minuscule populations. Yet these are internationally recognized states—actual countries. Even more bizarre are Micronations: quirky little self-proclaimed lands, which have come into existence for the strangest of reasons.
The times of kings and queens have long gone, on the surface at least, but we are well aware the royal clans and the black nobility still holding onto the reigns, although more hidden and covertly than centuries ago. It’s the 21th century and sovereignty no longer revolves around crowns, scepters and emperors in silky robes, no divine right to rule required or granted. It is about the sovereign self, how to grow into it, to act like a leader without being bossy and envision a leaderless society rather than submitting to political travesty.
A Micronation is a political entity that claims to be a sovereign state but is not recognized as such by the wider international community. Micronations are treated as distinct from conventional unrecognized states, although there is no widespread consensus within micropatriology over what exactly constitutes a Micronation or distinguishes it from other unrecognized states. Broadly speaking, Micronations are created and developed as a hobby, with their claims to sovereignty considered trivial enough to be ignored by the conventional sovereign states whose territory they claim; Micronations whose ultimate goal is to receive international recognition as sovereign states are termed secessionist, and Micronations without this goal are termed simulations.
The often referred to 1933 Montevideo Convention, only attended to and ratified by representatives of 16 countries of the Americas, tried to outline what determines or qualifies as a state (not a country or nation). In itself, it was a rather poor attempt, although it confirmed one very important fact, to recognize a state as a person of international law, a legal and fictitious person, sometimes endowed with more rights than natural persons under its statutory law.
Governments in exile still hold the supreme right?
A government-in-exile consists of an individual or a group of individuals residing in a foreign State who:
- 1 claims supreme authority over either a State in the sense of international law which is still under the control of another national or foreign authority or a State to be created on the territory of another State in anticipation of coming political events.
- 2 is recognized as such at least by the State in which it resides, notwithstanding its lack of effective control over its home State and,
- 3 is organized to perform and actually performs some acts of State on behalf of the home State or the State to be created.
A monarchy retains all the rights of sovereignty, if illegally deposed the head of the royal house being the personification and embodiment of the nation, is automatically the government in exile or that nation. If an illegal government deposes a republic, some high-ranking responsible individuals in the executive and or legislative branches are the only ones who can rightfully establish a lawful government-in-exile.
Just because some organization claims to be a government in exile, does not make it so. Claims need to be researched and verified by reliable sources. If a government in exile were legitimate, it would have "de jure" internal sovereignty and therefore authority to do many things. However, the problem is, anyone can make the false claim on the internet. Fabrications abound and counterfeit claims sadly appear to be on the escalation.
The question is whether this person has historical legitimacy or if he is a make-believe. Obviously all those organizations that have NO historical legitimacy are Self-styled orders or false orders.
Orders of merit are not genuine knighthoods. They are not orders of chivalry. They are imitations of what is real. True knighthood is inseparably connected to Royalty, not to tribal or republican government. Only if a government in exile is a legally valid entity will they hold the right to rule. All others have no fons honorum, which is an exclusive entitlement that belongs to the supreme right to govern.
Non-existent or abandoned deposed royal houses.
Non-existent or abandoned deposed royal houses or once famous ancient orders of chivalry cannot be restored to full dignity and power of a de jure sovereignty and therefore can create knighthoods, etc.
Such houses and orders that are extinct, no longer have any sovereignty. They no longer exist, because all their rights have been extinguished forever by international law. They cannot be re-established, restored or renewed. Those rights are lost for all eternity – that is the law. You simply can't restore something you do not own and have no legal or lawful right to. The once great power to do so is null and void after they are forfeited by the law of nations and the law of nature.
Following the War of the Spanish Succession, the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht brought a new rule within public international law. Specifically, a prince or princess that enjoyed rights of royal succession in his or her home country had to renounce these rights when marrying into a foreign royal family. The purpose of this international law was to prevent the union of crowns through dynastic marriages. History is rife with royal marital unions that eventually led to war and strife over dynastic rights. Because of the creeping effect of personal unions leading to the amalgamation of small principalities into huge empires that could upset the political equilibrium, customary public international law requires the renunciation of succession rights whenever a prince or princesses marries into another sovereign House.
Therefore, a royal comity exists among the royal Houses of Europe: when a prince or princess that has rights of succession in his or her own House marries into a foreign royal House, he or she fully renounces the rights of succession to his or her own House. This is so that he or she may enter the royal House of his or her spouse, receive and use the titles accorded him or her within that House, and become a subject of its sovereign. The effect is to prevent the possibility of a union of successions to different thrones under international law.
The history of Europe is filled with dynastic abdications, renunciations, and the transfer of thrones. For a person to claim that royal rights are irrenunciable incapable of abdication, etc., is to demonstrate both ignorance of European history in general and dynastic law in particular.
If a lawful heir is born or conceived before an ancestor abdicates or renounces a royal claim, the heir has a full hereditary birthright in a hereditary monarchy. Any person other than the heir cannot extinguish these rights. However, if the heir fails to publicly or diplomatically protest against the ancestor’s renunciation or abdication, if the heir is of sufficient age to properly understand the need to protest, the heir will legally accept the renunciation or abdication and lose all succession rights. This becomes irrevocable under public international law and cannot be changed. That is, if such a living descendant "remains silent [when] a protest is necessary to preserve a claim," such as, when a renunciation of one’s father to the throne takes place, it results in an "expessis verbis" or irrevocable acceptance of the act of renunciation. This results in his or her legal "abandonment of rights”. The abandonment includes the relinquishment of succession rights for any unborn or non-conceived children of the heir that failed to act.
A person with royal ancestors cannot claim ancient de jure sovereignty on that basis alone.
The mathematical study of genealogy indicates that everyone in the world is descended from Nefertiti, Confucius, and everyone of European ancestry is descended from Muhammad and Charlemagne. As much as 90 percent of the original common stock of Europe are descendants of Charlemagne. Nearly 80% of the English high middle class are descendants of King Edward III of England. Does that make all (about 6,000 of them royals? Are 90% of the people of Europe kings because they can trace their ancestral line back to Charlemagne? Obviously not.
More reading “ARE YOU DESCENDED FROM ROYALTY? DNA EXPLAINED IN EASY TERMS”
Genetics and DNA to find your ancestry.
Different genetic testing companies can yield different results. Siblings took DNA tests and got different results. Why determining ancestry is rarely accurate. Commercial DNA tests that claim to tell people whether they are related to Richard III or descended from the Vikings are no more than "genetic astrology", scientists have warned.
The amount of DNA any individual inherits from relatives just a few steps up their family tree is negligible compared with the vast amount we all share from common ancestors.
It means any ancestral "history" identified by a simple genetic test is just one of dozens of possible interpretations, and to try to trace our lineage directly through our genes is "absurd". Private genetic tests have become big business in recent years, with many companies offering tests, which claim to identify whether people are related to famous figures such as Napoleon or Cleopatra, or have DNA from specific racial groups.
A genealogical DNA test is a DNA-based test which looks at specific locations of a person's genome, in order to find or verify ancestral genealogical relationships or (with lower reliability) to estimate the ethnic mixture of an individual. Since different testing companies use different ethnic reference groups, consisting of now living test persons with unknown pre-census time origins, the estimated ethnic mix is contradictory among companies.
Since a company can match people only to relatives in its customer base, so if you wanted to find as many relatives as possible, you would need to use multiple companies such as Living DNA, Family Tree DNA, 23andMe, Geno 2.0 and AncestryDNA. These companies analyze hundreds of thousands of natural DNA spelling variations called single nucleotide polymorphisms, or SNPs. To estimate ethnic makeup, a company compares your overall SNP pattern with those of people from around the world. SNP matches also help companies see whom in their database you are related to.
Some of the companies also analyze a person’s Y chromosome or mitochondrial DNA. Y chromosome DNA traces a man’s paternal line. In contrast, mitochondrial DNA traces maternal heritage, since people inherit mitochondria, which generate energy for cells, only from their mothers. Neither type of DNA changes that much over time, so those tests usually cannot tell you much about recent ancestors.
More molecular forms of ancestor-seeking have now burst onto the scene with millions of people having their DNA analyzed by 23andme, Ancestry.com, National Geographic, and others. There are two big problems with this, however. First, different companies can give quite different results, and secondly, the whole process of assigning DNA sequences to geographic ancestry is probabilistic, not certain, and this is not always presented clearly. In some cases, the error range can be huge. In other words, the science is just not there yet and it might never be, given how intermixed we all actually are. Individuals and families were always crossing borders and mixing.
One is NOT an authentic noble or knight if the original authority that created the noble title or conferred the knighthood no longer exists.
"The Nobility and knighthood, in fact, constitute a temporary corporation or guild, authorized and ultimately owned by the king or sovereign prince of the land. . . ." (Immanuel Kant, The Philosophy of Law: An Exposition of the Fundamental Principles of Jurisprudence as the Science of Right, William Hastie, ed., no. 8(c), 1887) If there is no living breathing sovereign alive who has jurisdiction and authority over the reigning or deposed kingdom or principality, then all titles and orders created by this royal house cease to be public titles. Only the supreme right of sovereignty can maintain and perpetuate public international honors. If that original authority dies out, then all titles created by them and all knighthoods or order immediately, become private.
Popularity and general acceptance does not create a sure sign of authenticity that a royal claim is true.
Francis Barrymore Smith wrote, ". . . The vote of the whole world cannot make wrong right, falsehood truth, robbery honest, or usurpation other than usurpation." (Radical artisan, William James Linton, 1812-97, 1973, p. 220) Concerning the liar, he wrote, "If the whole world believe his lie, would that alter the nature of falsehood?" (Ibid.) No, what is false is false. Popularity and general acceptance does not assure validity. Many well-accepted royals and nobles are lamentably total frauds.
The truth will always come out, so by lying you are only “buying time”
Why do we become diplomatic when we know the obvious truth? Diplomacy protects us in the short term, but it is honesty that brings long-term benefits and permanent gains. Most of us use lies from time to time to avoid difficult situations and hide our feelings or intentions. However lying always comes with a price whilst the truth is invaluable.
Anyone who has the power to make you believe absurdities has the power to make you commit injustices (Voltair).
It’s ironic that this, about not believing things just because you’ve read them somewhere, but for many people the assumption seems to be, “It must be true — I saw it on a website!” “It was sent to me!”.
We also wonder why some non reigning royal families using diplomacy to justify their support to a false prince because, as some said “it is not important of legitimacy royal family but someone who is popular and known”. This is so absurd and misleading the public and themselves were attracted by these the prince's "granting of knighthoods and titles of nobility....a piece of paper that has no value.
There are a few hundreds fakes princes on Internet very popular and well known by many, does it mean now they are proclaimed as real and royal princes? Many of them have managed to be photographed with royals. The disguises allowed the 'princes' not only to blag travel freebies, but to arrange meetings with leading businessmen and religious authorities
Honesty and trust are central to integrity. Acting with honor and truthfulness are also basic tenets in a person with integrity. Sometime we wonder if those non reigning royal families still support a false prince knowing his real background is because they too are hiding something or want to be more populars? Diplomacy is only for self-protection; it is a self-preservation device. The difference between living a superficial life and a rich and meaningful one is eventually determined by whether we are being diplomatic or brutally honest.
Perhaps it is true that the best diplomats understand when to say nothing, or not to say everything: no negotiator shows his full hand. But in reality honesty remains one of the most important qualities of a decent diplomat. Deviousness backfires.
Being wealthy or influential does not automatically make one a King or noble.
Court decrees does not provide absolute assurances of validity
Regrettably, this is one of the major trickery or rip-offs used to cheat people out of their money. The title is probably real historically, but then they revealed themselves and their scheme, "The title is vacant and ready for assignation through decision of a court of justice." That is the fraud. They take an extinct title and will sell it to you and have a justice declare, by some invented means, that it is your title somehow by magic. A judge cannot legitimately confer a title of nobility on another person. The only title they can give you is that of "criminal”.
Guy Stair Sainty, a well-known expert on nobility and royalty, declared, ". . . the Italian Courts have been persuaded to consider numerous claims to titles of nobility without actually applying nobiliary law, leading to some bizarre decisions.
One swindler we have dealt with even bragged how he got a Republic of San Marino court long ago to rule the he was the rightful count of something or other when it was a big fat lie and he knew it, but he was delighted with what he got away with. The Republic no longer allows this kind of thing, but it was once widely used by counterfeiters to lie and deceive others into thinking they were legit. Court decrees are not to be trusted or relied. They use "preponderance of evidence" rules, 51% assurance, which means their decisions have almost as much likelihood of being wrong as they have of being right depending on what evidence is presented and what evidence is hidden, disguised or never introduced, to trick or manipulate the court into making a certain decision...."
Read more: “European Court of Arbitral Justice”
Note from Dr. Pier Felice degli Uberti on Courts of Arbitral Justice (Corte Europea di Giustizia Arbitrale) treated during the III International Colloquium on Nobility in Madrid 2019. See left column .
The study of the nobility and heraldry
The study of the nobility and heraldry simply cannot exist without a rigorous basis in genealogical science. Genealogy is the only means of determining familial ancestry lineage, be it aristocratic or commoner.
The study of family history, or genealogy, is perhaps one of the most ancient of human interests. When a person in search of his ancestors or genealogy, seek to know the origins of their family, perhaps with the hidden personal desire to discover royal blood or the coat of arms of his family. Where genealogical facts are few, and these located in the remote past, reconstruction of family history is often more imaginative than correct.
Recent decades have witnessed an increasingly widespread interest in coats of arms and titles of nobility, many of whom have been deceived by heraldic or genealogical research firms into believing themselves to be armigerous or even titled. The typical person who boasts of a "noble" lineage dating from the Middle Ages based on genealogical research by experts is the victim of such deception. Still others have paid merchants thousands for supposed "titles of nobility" which, in reality, cannot be sold or transferred in law; those purchasing such "titles" have fallen prey to dreaming.
Determining whether this or that title of nobility sported by this or that person is "legitimate" has become a house industry among narrow-minded, obsessive nonprofessional seeking to discredit the claims of charlatans – or the pretensions of folks these self-styled experts believe to be charlatans. While acknowledging that such claimants sometimes manage to deceive the uninformed.
Scholars' efforts in this area are often distort because the typical fantasist claiming to be a count or duke poses very little danger to society.
“For who does not know history's first law to be
that an author must not dare to tell anything but the truth? And its second
that he must make bold to tell the whole truth? That there must be no
suggestion of partiality anywhere in his writings? Nor of malice?”
Burden of proof
In historical studies, as in science, the burden of proof that an event occurred lies with the party making the assertion or proposition.
Anybody who claims a title of nobility should be able to prove its authenticity; whether he actually wishes to provide such proof to anyone is his personal prerogative. Any person who presumes to be addressed by a title or appellation not recognized in current law in any nation or region should be prepared to defend such a claim, e.g. someone who emphasizes that people address him by a title of nobility that is not even recognized in country. The late Giovanni of Bourbon* of the Two Sicilies once observed, that in his experience, it was those having the most tenuous claims to ancestral nobility who made the most noise about it.
* Leopoldo Giovanni Giuseppe Michele of Bourbon-Two Sicilies, Prince of Salerno was a member of the House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and a Prince of Bourbon-Two Sicilies. Born Leopoldo of Naples and Sicily, he was the sixth son of Ferdinand IV of Naples and wife Maria Carolina of Austria, daughter of Maria Theresa of Austria.
Knighthood private Organizations
Many groups use the concept of knighthood to inspire their members in some way and to build better people. In every instance the an accolade of knighthood now has little to do with the feudal structure and everything to do with a recognition of a particular kind of individual who has built their renown in the context of doing right.
These usually describe themselves as "military and Hospitaller" and are given out by private individuals. The names of such bodies tend to be those of orders that once existed under the authority or protection of the Papacy or another sovereign ruler but no longer do so.
Dubious dynastic orders and questionable private initiatives. Those originating such so-called orders may obtain, in an effort to acquire a semblance of respectability, the spiritual support and patronage of the Patriarch of an autocephalous Eastern Church. In addition to making unjustifiable historical claims about their origins, their promoters invariably assume bogus titles of nobility ostensibly showing them to be the heads of former reigning houses and thus genuine fountains of honor.
Although bona fide orders have been created out of private initiative for charitable, military or religious purposes, there has been a large number of orders created either to satisfy personal vanity, or to enrich a group of people or both. Such a blanket statement need condemn not all recently created orders of chivalry, but caveat emptor remains the rule.
While noble status formerly conferred significant privileges in most jurisdictions, today it is a largely honorary dignity in all nations, although a few, residual privileges may still be preserved legally (e.g. Netherlands, Spain, UK) and some Asian, Pacific and African sub-cultures may still attach considerable significance to formal, hereditary rank or titles.
No private Organization has the authority to recognize
titles of nobility.
No private Organization has the authority to recognize titles of nobility.
No private Organization has the authority to recognize titles of nobility. No private organizations has the authority to recognize titles of nobility on behalf of Italy's royal dynasties or the Sovereign Military Order of Malta. This includes the "Corpo Della Nobiltà Italiana" which, contrary to a popular misconception, is not a "college of arms," court of chivalry or "legal successor to the Consulta Araldica," and whose "decisions" are no longer recognized by the Order of Malta. Italy has no "college of arms" or other government agency empowered to recognize titles of nobility or personal coats of arms. It should be remembered that historical fact is ascertained through scientific reasoning and solid evidence, not via "approval" from a self-appointed "authority" or by somebody who happens to be descended from royalty.
There are on the Web some Institutes, one especially, recognize fake titles of nobility, Order of chivalry and fake sovereigns.
The Institute is a self-regulating body, organized and derived from the founding Royal Houses for the collection of Passage fees and fees contributed by members of Royal Orders that go to the respective dynastic chancelleries.Providing mechanism for the regulation, registration, recognition, confirmation and a permanent archival register of the various Dynastic Histories, Rights, Fons Honorum, Honor Systems, Titles, Orders, Grants and Arms, as derived from their Royal Privileges and Prerogatives. The Institute will issue, corresponding certificates on behalf of the affiliated Dynastic Houses.