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Many people are beginning to see the importance of writing and publishing articles on the Internet as part of their research. TICAN is not different.

Reasons for doing a research-based degree

* Intrinsic interest in the subject material.

* To gain knowledge that is important for society.

* To gain a credential and improve career prospects.

Publishing articles can be a way of furthering each of these goals, though the type of publication sought may be different in each case.

Note on the President´s personal publication:

"I am not an Historian, and I do not abide by the rules of academic History writing, if there are any. Coming from a noble family, I have grown up in the fascination of the European Medieval History, concerning mainly because of family ancestors` heritage. I have consulted many books of the things written as facts and events as reported by historians and by the most authoritative modern biographers on European Medieval History. There are, of course, some historians that contradict other authoritative biographers by showing why of their inconsistencies. Hence, historians and modern authoritative biographers judge their finding according to their history knowledge but so many times assuming events and or dates and times to their modern understanding although not in every case positioning themselves in the minds and customs to that ancient life.

I have written several books and included, also, various genealogy trees found in old history records, my writings are merely my implied opinion, my consequential thinking and elaboration on those facts and events. I believe it is a perfectly justifiable to consider events and documented behavioral patterns of a subject and inductively profile the character, culture, feelings and human dimensions of the individual. We do this all the time in politics, business, and social relationships so I see no reason why we should be prevented from doing so with important prime movers of the past.

Salvatore Caputo"

OPINIONS OF ARTICLES - The management of TICAN announces that the opinions and views expressed in the public works that represent are the unique thought of their authors. For this reason it declines liability on the claims contained in the articles. By the mere fact of writing for the organization, they should not feel identified with the views expressed in the editorial. In this publication notes and reviews are published free of charge. The articles, though not published, are not returned.


The Platoni a Noble Italian family of Longobard Origin. After the fall of the Roman Empire in the 5th century, the Italian peninsula and its surrounding islands became pawns for the European powers that emerged in the wake of Rome’s demise. It was not until the late 19th century that the separate states of Italy finally brought an end to the long process of unification under Victor Emanuel II, the new king of Italy elected by the first Italian parliament in 1961.  Even then, the nation of Italy as it is known today did not come into existence in its entirety until after World War I.

In the early Middle Ages Italy was divided and distributed by the transient dominance of medieval European conquerors like the Byzantine and Norman Empires.  As different rulers vied for Italian preeminence, the Papal State began to develop a sphere of influence that rivaled the claims of the Holy Roman Emperor in Italy. At the same time, northern cities reluctant to cede to Imperial rule formed communes that eventually developed into independently governed city-states.

While southern Italy and the nearby islands of Sardinia and Sicily passed between the hands of Spanish, French, and Austrian rulers from the late Middle Ages into the 18th century, the autonomous regimes of northern and central Italy grew and flourished to become formidable powers in and of themselves. By the 1700s, Venice alone had extended its territorial tendrils well beyond the Italian peninsula to stake claims on Istria, Dalmatia and several other significant islands and ports of the Mediterranean.

The Napoleonic Era brought Italy almost entirely under French control until the Congress of Vienna in 1815 when the peninsula was returned to its prerevolutionary patchwork of independent governments. Despite Austrian and Habsburg attempts to subdue nationalistic fervor, the French had set an example that inspired the Italian states into revolutionary action and by the end of the century the Italian nation had been formed.

In this work we refer to The House of Platoni of Agilolfings Dynasty, legendary origins whose ancestors ruled over Bavaria since the 456 to 592 and the United Lombard of Italy between 653 and 774. By Salvatore Caputo & Carmelo Curró Troiano. Downlwad here.

The Habsburg Most Illustrious Order of the Golden Fleece: Its potential relevance on modern culture in the European Union. Misperceptions about the medieval Habsburg Order of the Golden Fleece distort what it is and undermine its contemporary relevance. Based on interview findings with some Knights of the Order and others, this paper presents a case for the Order’s potential relevance on European cultural identity development in the 21st century.

A new era began on 30 November 2000 for the medieval Habsburg Order of the Golden Fleece. Its aging and long-time Sovereign, Archduke Otto of Austria, gave Sovereignty of the Order to his son and heir Archduke Karl. Effectively, Archduke Karl is leading the ancient Catholic Order of Knighthood into the 21st century. More specifically, he seems to be positioning the Order as a player in the cultural identity of the European Union. By Glen Covert. Download here.

The Monarchy in Lithuania History, Rights and Prospects. History of Poland during the Jagiellonian dynasty is the period in the history of Poland that spans the late Middle Ages and early Modern Era. The first king of the new dynasty was the Grand Duke of Lithuania Jogaila, or Władysław II Jagiełło as the King of Poland. He was elected a king of Poland in 1386, after becoming a Catholic Christian and marrying Jadwiga of Anjou, daughter of Louis I, who was Queen of Poland in her own right. Latin Rite Christianization of Lithuania followed. Jogaila's rivalry in Lithuania with his cousin Vytautas, opposed to Lithuania's domination by Poland, was settled in 1392 and in 1401 in the Union of Vilnius and Radom: Vytautas became the Grand Duke of Lithuania for life under Jogaila's nominal supremacy. The agreement made possible close cooperation between the two nations, necessary to succeed in the upcoming struggle with the Teutonic Order. The Union of Horodło (1413) specified the relationship further and had granted privileges to the Roman Catholic (as opposed to Eastern Orthodox) portion of Lithuanian nobility. Poles and Lithuanians coexisted and cooperated in one of the largest political entities in Europe for the next four centuries. By Carmelo Curró Troiano modified by Don Salvatore Ferdinando Antonio Caputo. Download here.

The Bentivoglio Family of Bologna. A mythical origin and imaginary. Originally from the castle of that name in the neighborhood of Bologna, Italy. They claimed descent from Enzo (c. 1224-72), King of Sardinia, a natural son of Frederick II. During the fourteenth century the family belonged to one of the workingmen's guilds at Bologna, where it became all-powerful in the fifteenth century. It contracted alliances with the Kings of Aragon, the Dukes of Milan and other sovereigns; and in its later history, became one of the prominent families of Ferrara. By Carmelo Curró Troiano and Don Salvatore Ferdinando Antonio Caputo. Download here.

The House of Este. The Este Royal Family still reigns, and with the world's most famous monarchy. It reigns under another name, because now is called Windsor. In their veins, however, runs the blood of the oldest Italian Dynasty. Among the many states of late medieval Italy, one stands out for its unfamiliarity to an English audience and for its neglect in historical research: that of the Este family, lords (later Dukes) of the cities of Ferrara, Modena and Reggio in northern Italy. 

The House of Este gave Great Britain and the United Kingdom the "Hanoverian monarchs" All (almost) European royal houses originate from the House of Hanover and thus from the House of Guelph. By Carmelo Curró Troiano and Don Salvatore Ferdinando Antonio Caputo. Download here.

Illustrious Italians in Africa. Few countries have been on such a roller-coaster ride as Italy. The Italian peninsula lay at the core of the Roman Empire; one of the world’s great monotheistic religions, Catholicism, has its headquarters in Rome; and it was largely the dynamic city-states of Italy that set the modern era in motion with the Renaissance. Italy, history of since earliest times the history of Italy has been influenced by cultural and political divisions resulting from the peninsula's disparate geography and by circumstances that made Italy the scene of many of Europe's most important struggles for power.

This book provides am account of the Italian nobility in the post-unification era. It challenges interpretations which have stressed the rapid fusion of old and new elites in Italy and the marginality of the nobility after 1861, and instead highlights the continuing economic strength, social power and political influence of Italy's most prominent regional aristocracy. Additionally, this volume is to mention some Italian noble families immigrated to Africa after the World War II. Nevertheless, we considered mentioning several Italians, although not originated of noble families, for their substantially contribution in South Africa that were privileged with the title of “Cavaliere” (Knight) or “Commentatore” (Knight Commander) from the Italian Government for their outstanding performance benefiting others. The official titles are awarded by decree of the President of Italy to individuals who are given this honor in the Italian Order of Merit known as the "Ordine al Merito della Repubblica". By Cav. Andre Eugene Martinaglia. Download here. 

Ultimus Romanorum. NAPOLEON I AND HIS LATIN IMPERIAL INHERITANCE. Dedicated most respectfully to the memory of THE KING OF ROME (1811-1832) in the bicentennial year of his birth. .Napoleon I and his empire are frequently seen to have been the products of the French Revolution, and indeed they represented in many ways the culmination of the revolutionary impetus initially unleashed by Enlightenment thought and social experimentation. However, while this may partially be true, these elements only served to present the circumstances necessary for the realization of the Emperor’s broader ambitions, which were fired not by only by the fundamental principles of the Revolution, but also by his desire to stabilize, restructure and reinvent French, and eventually Western European, society. By Stewart Addington Saint-David. Download here.

The Court of Frederick II HohenstaufenFrederick II was patron of the Sicilian School of poetry. His royal court in Palermo, from around 1220 to his death, saw the first use of a literary form of an Italo-Romance language, Sicilian. The poetry that emanated from the school predates the use of the Tuscan idiom as the preferred lingua franca of the Italian peninsula by at least a century. The school and its poetry were well known to Dante and his peers and had a significant influence on the literary form of what was eventually to become the modern Italian.

Frederick II was considered singular among the European Christian monarchs of the Middle Ages. This was observed even in his own time, although many of his contemporaries, because of his lifelong interest in Islam, saw in him "the Hammer of Christianity", or at the very least a dissenter from Christendom. He was known in his own time as Stupor Mundi ("wonder of the world"), and was said to speak nine languages and be literate in seven (at a time when some monarchs and nobles were not literate at all). By contemporary standards, Frederick was a ruler very much ahead of his time, being an avid patron of science and the arts. By Salvatore Ferdinando Antonio Caputo. Download here.

Creation of Order of Chivalry. Centuries after the American and French revolutions, a global market flourishes in false titles of nobility and self-styled orders of chivalry. This occurrence is because it provide to a general common desire to feel virtuous about oneself, a sense of well-being dependent on the drive to assert one's distinctiveness and the yearning for recognition.perceptions of how a "gentleman" ought to be. The authenticity or legitimacy of an order of chivalry and knighthood stems from its fons honorum (fount of honor). To be considered as legitimate, such an order must not only have a fons honorum, but that fons honorum must meet certain criteria in order to have the historical authority to “make knights” as it were. By Salvatore Ferdinando Antonio Caputo. Download here.

Who is noble  included in the Almanach de Gotha. - This volume examines the possibility of using genealogies of noble families in the Almanach de Gotha as a source for social sciences, to analyze the social reality of noble families, during the transition from a class structured to a civil based society. Genealogies of noble families have been published since the 19th century, but they were stopped during the Second World War. The Almanach de Gotha did not aspire to group all the ducal and princely families of Europe. In addition to many families tricked out with imaginary titles, and thus excluded, there were some authentic families, the Princes Bagration, who did not appear for the simple reason that they had refused or omitted to send in an entry. In 1989 the family of Justus Perthes re-established its right to the use of the name Almanach de Gotha. The family then sold these rights to a new company, Almanach de Gotha Limited, formed in London. Justus Perthes considers this a new work and not a continuation of the series last published by his family in 1944 with the 181st edition. By Salvatore Ferdinando Antonio Caputo. Download here.

The Legitimacy of Non Reigning Royal Families - This book is the presentation of history of Europe since the downfall of Napoleon and endeavored to explain the internal development of the various nations, and their external relations of the gradual expansion of Europe and its insisted and growing pressure upon the world outside, causing the imminent collapse of many monarchies, its princes and noble families. Moreover, only the broader lines of the evolution of century can be traced in this short volume. Therefore, omitted many subjects in order to give a fuller treatment to those, in our opinion, are more important for the discussion of the legitimacy of non reigning royal families. By Salvatore Ferdinando Antonio Caputo. Download here.

The Royal House of Georgia - H.R.H. Crown Prince Nuzgar Bagration-Gruzisky Dynasty - In 2006 a memorandum was signed by the House of Bagrationi, according to which Nugzar Bagrationi-Gruzinski is recognized as heir to the throne. The memorandum rests upon the legal, historical and genealogical basics; historicallegal documents of the historians of the Academy of Sciences; recognitions of the Georgian genealogical society and the assembly of the Georgian nobility; the historical-legal documents preserved in the archives of the Georgian and Russian state archives; recognitions of all Russian Monarchy Centre and the scientific board of the Moscow Memorial Museum of the Russian Imperial Name and the Peter-Paul Imperial Society. By Salvatore Ferdinando Antonio Caputo. Download here.

Kings of Rwanda: Fathers of a Nation - The Royal Rwandan Association of Knighthood and Nobility. By Stewart Addington Saint-David . Download here.
La Casa Real de Ruanda (The Royal Hose of Rwanda - Spanish)  - Royal Orders of Knighthood are explained in details. By  Marques Don Jose-Maria Monells y Galan. Download here.
Emperor Maximilian of Mexico - Though criticized as naïve and indecisive, Maximilian is often praised by historians for his liberal reforms, his genuine desire to help the people of Mexico, his refusal to desert his loyal followers, and his personal bravery during the siege of Querétaro. He has been highly praised even by historians who believe he had no business becoming involved in Mexican affairs. In Mexico, he and his consort are known as Maximiliano and Carlota. By Stewart Addington Saint-David. Download here.
The Equestrian Heritage of the Royal House of Rwanda - Explaination of the Royal Orders of Knighthood by Marues Jose-Maria Monells y Galan. Tanslated in english language by Stewart Addington Saint-David. Download here.
On the Nature and Validity of Honors and Titles Bestowed by the Monarchs of Contemporary Southeast Asia - In a number of the Southeast Asian monarchies of today, such as Malaysia, Brunei, and Thailand, the practice of awarding orders of knighthood and merit to deserving individuals, both native and foreign, has gained a certain measure of acceptance within the wider field of contemporary state honors. By Stewart Addington Saint-David. Download here.

On the Manorial Lordship Trade and Why ALL Lordships for Purchase Are a Scam - Over the last twenty years, the trade in manorial lordships has been discussed intermittently in the British media. These ‘Lordships of the Manor’ (which do no entitle the owner to call himself ‘Lord’ but rather, ‘Mr John Smith, Lord of Wherever’) have been bought-up by a variety of wealthy businessmen and even some celebrities . By Dr Edward Dutton. Download here.