This Commission and Association on Nobility was established in January 2008 to unite and honor in its membership those persons who represent the contemporary Nobility which remains latent but hidden in the shadows. This Association is based on the ideals of chivalry, nobility, aristocracy and for the Defense of International Nobility. It also includes a number of Honorary Members. It was founded by Don Salvatore Ferdinando Antonio Caputo.
Membership in the Commission (TICAN) is open to all descendants of the nobility, regardless of their nationality, religion or political affiliation, as long as they support the activities of The International Commission and Association on Nobility. Some members of the TICAN are descendants of the most ancient nobility and have taken a very great interest in the activities of the Commission; amongst its many chivalric and heraldic interests.
Speaking of genealogy, nobility and chivalry today seems almost anachronistic even if it shows interest of particular importance due to historical and cultural sensitivity towards the best traditions of consciousness to live the cult of lineage, feelings of honor, duty and the country, though all this has almost lost its memory in an era in which ideals and values seem definitely confused.The Commission, lover of history, is an organization devoted to the preservation and promotion of the monarchical system of government and the principle of monarchy and to promote and defend the theory of monarchy as a superior governmental form.
The Commission intends to stay neutral on the issue of juridical recognition of reigning and Sovereign Houses, which is of exclusive competence of their respective State Systems and desires exclusively to support their traditional humanitarian commitment at the service of international collaboration.
The International Commission and Association on Nobility supports heraldic research, genealogy, and a promulgation of historic and cultural values. The Commission has no authority to grant coats of arms, but stands ready to help others with petitions.
PURPOSE OF THE COMMISSION
The purpose of this website is to unite and prolong the legacy of the old Noble families spreading now all over the world.
The aristocratic spirit transcended frontiers. For the nobleman Europe was the homeland. Italian plasterers and painters, German musicians, and French cabinetmakers traveled for high commissions. There were variations reflecting local traditions: the Baroque style was interpreted distinctively in Austria, Italy, Spain, and France. But high style reveals certain underlying principles and convictions. The same is true of the intellectual life of Europe, reflecting as it did two main sources, French and English. It was especially to France that the two most powerful rulers of Eastern Europe, Frederick II and Catherine II, looked for mentors in thought and style. The French language, deliberately purified from the time of Richelieu and the foundation of the Academy, was well adapted to the clear expression of ideas. The salons stimulated the discussion of ideas and engendered a distinctive style. Feminine insights there contributed to a rational culture that was also responsive to the claims of sensibility.
In order for public to better assess the Nobility’s great role in today’s world we will have to briefly mention the Nobility of ancient times. The Italian and Spanish Crown has bestowed Titles on and confirmed Arms for its subjects for what is America, from the middle of the 16th Century until the beginning of the 19th Century or about 1819, it did so directly from the Crown in Spain or through Viceroys and Governors of the Colonies.
Since the Revolution of 1776 America had not Kings or Queens, but has an old European Nobility which the great majority emigrated after the First World War onward, becoming stable and prosperous. Their children would be US citizens without any interference or threat from the Government in Washington.
Promotion of Monarchy
The promotion of Monarchy as the most stable form of government and the understanding and exchange of ideas among people of all races and creed.
It is sometimes said that Country can never be a really modern state while it still has a monarchy. This of course ignores countries like United Kingdom, Japan, Spain, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, The Netherlands and many others all of which are modern constitutional monarchies in modern countries where majority of the people of those nations have absolutely no intention of removing their monarchy because of the benefits they recognize they derive from it.
Elected presidents are concerned more with their own political futures and power. Constitutional monarchs are not subject to the influences which can corrupt short-term presidents. A monarch can represent centuries of history whereas elected Presidents in their nature devote much energy to undoing the achievements of their predecessors and setting traps for their successors. With monarchs it is the reverse- they build on the achievements of their forebears in order to strengthen the position of their successors. A long-reigning monarch can put enormous experience at the disposal of transient political leaders.
Many nations who have lost their monarchies wish they could restore them, such as Afghanistan, Brazil and others because they can see the value of a non-political unifying symbol above faction and politics and racial and ethnic division.
Nobility in USA
It seems impossible to calculate how many noblemen lost or abandoned their titles and went to America. Probably there were far less than ten thousands of them, as compared to some 10 million German immigrants during the 19th century, so the story may be true in fewer than one in a thousand emigration cases.
However, many Americans are likely descended from European noble families through an illegitimate descent of one of the emigrants' ancestors, which occurred many generations ago and may not even have been known to the emigrant himself.
Many other Nobles have inherited their Titles after becoming US citizens and as of now there is no law that would have the Government base any action against the said Nobles, if one was even taken. Article I Section 9 Clause 8 of the Constitution clearly forbids the Granting or use of Titles in the USA but does not state a way to enforce the above law, quoted below:
The Title of Nobility Clause is a provision in Article I, Section 9, Clause 8 of the United States Constitution,12 that forbids the United States from granting titles of nobility and restricts members of the government from receiving gifts from foreign states without the consent of the United States Congress. This clause is also sometimes called the "federal" Nobility Clause, because a similar clause in Article I, Section 10, Clause 1 bars the states (rather than the federal government) from granting titles of nobility. The Title of Nobility Clause is also one of the clauses that is sometimes called the "Emolument Clause".
Section nine and ten of the Constitution of the United States of America in no way forbids or disallows Titles of Nobility but merely disallows the granting of Titles of Nobility by the government of the United States.
“Therefore, according to the Constitution, the State is not interested whether a person has an ancient or new noble title, and does not forbid the title being born and used in public and private relations, nor is the abuse of noble titles considered a crime”.
2. The constitution of the United States provides that no state shall "grant any title of nobility; and no person can become a citizen of the United States until he has renounced all titles of nobility." The Federalist, No. 84; 2 Story, Laws U. S. 851. 3. There is not in the constitution any general prohibition against any citizen whomsoever, whether in public or private life, accepting any foreign title of nobility. An amendment of the constitution in this respect has been recommended by congress, but it has not been ratified by a sufficient number of states to make it a part of the constitution. Rawle on the Const. 120; Story, Const. Sec. 1346.
Royal descent plays an important role in many African societies; authority and property tend to be lineally derived. Among tribes which recognize a single ruler, the hereditary blood line of the rulers (who early European travelers described as kings, queens, princes, etc., using the terminology of European monarchy) is akin to a dynasty. Among groups which have less centralized power structures, dominant clans are still recognized. Oral history would be the primary method of transmitting genealogies, and both nobles and commoners base their status on descent. The royal blood is among the centralized power of all blood groups.
Today, almost all countries have a working government that is preside over by Presidents and or Prime Ministers. There are many monarchs around the world who hold important government posts or military commands, even tough they no longer rule over their subjects.
Even if some monarchy has been long abolished, there are 48 royal families of the world that exist and are treated with respect and honor. Some royal families like the French, Greek, Chinese, Russian and Scottish are known as 'Pretender to the Throne'. The pretender is a claimant to an abolished throne or to a throne that has been occupied by someone else.
Although a democratic republic since 1946, Italy boasts two non-regnant royal families as well as three non-regnant grand ducal houses, each of which bestows honors upon Italian citizens. Three sovereign governments exist entirely within Italian borders, and each bestows honors as well. few Italians are hereditary knights bachelor, forming a kind of Italian baronet age. Indeed, for a nation having no throne, and entertaining no serious plans for the re institution of a monarchy, the Italian Republic is endowed with a plethora of gentlemen entitled to the ancient address "Cavaliere" (Knight).
Nobility live today. In present times we, like our forefathers, strive to take part in the life of society, bring up young people in the spirit of unselfishness.
Many of the inquiries argue that “if you are not registered in the Almanach de Gotha, you are not noble”.
The general opinion is to consider as authentic nobles only those who are effectively registered into the Almanch de Gotha. But that is not exact, as this and other registers were partial and incomplete in the past as they are today and, no doubt, will be tomorrow.
It is a mistake to believe that royal families medialized in the Congress of Vienna are the only ones to be noble. The main concern of the Congress was to redistribute conquered territories, create a balance of power, restore the pre-Napoleonic order through King Louis XVIII, return the power to families who were ruling in 1789, and to return the Roman Catholic Church to its former power.
When the Soviet troops entered Gotha in 1945 they systematically destroyed all archives of the Almanach, the destruction was a public of protest against all the Almanach de Gotha stood for. However the customers had retained sufficient copies of their own to ensure the survival of the almanach's records; but from 1945 the almanach was not published. Those tracing the ancestry of German nobility have used the Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels (GHdA) as a substitute.
The Almanach provided detailed facts and statistics on nations of the world, including their reigning and formerly reigning houses, those of Europe being more complete than those of other continents. It also named the highest incumbent officers of state, members of the diplomatic corps, and Europe's upper nobility with their families. Although at its most extensive the Almanach de Gotha numbered more than 1200 pages, fewer than half of which were dedicated to monarchical or aristocratic data, it acquired a reputation for the breadth and precision of its information on royalty and nobility compared to other Almanac's of that time.
Moreover, other deposed European dynasties (e.g. Arenberg, Biron, Dadiani, Boncompagni-Ludovisi, Giray, Murat) did not benefit vis-a-vis the almanac from a similar interpretation of their historical status. Many princely or ducal families were listed only in its third, non-dynastic section or were excluded altogether, evoking criticism in the 20th century from such genealogists as Cyril Toumanoff, Jean-Engelbert d'Arenberg and William Addams Reitwiesner,the latter commenting that the changes displayed "pan-German triumphalism" and even a "fairly nasty bit of Germanic chauvinism."
Europe's middle and lower nobility (families whose principal title ranked below that of prince or duke—except mediatized families, listed in a section of their own) were not included in the almanac. Nor were the grandees or ducal families of Portugal and Spain (where titles, being habitually transmissible through both male and female lines, were often inherited by relatives of non-patrilineal lineage). Families of some Italian and East European nations (e.g., Russia, Romania), where the princely title was claimed by many, were also incomplete. Yet the reigning, formerly reigning and noble families included in the almanac numbered in the hundreds by the time it ceased publication in 1944.
The Gotha does not include all noble families and especially omits those who lived like commoners and just carried on their former names (von Bank, von Olnhausen etc.). This incompleteness of the Gotha and of the rolls of nobility makes it impossible to use these sources as a definite proof that an emigrant was not an offspring of a noble family.
For more information visit our page "Who is noble in Gotha".
THE DESCENDANTS OF CHARLEMAGNE
Charlemagne was the first Holy Roman Emperor, crowned by Pope Leo III in 800 AD: he is today considered as the founder of Europe and also as the ancestor of all kings of Europe.
If the Carolingian dynasty was extinct in the male line with Herbert IV, Count of Soissons in 1080, the Carolingian emperors and kings fathered all the dynasties of the time in the female line, from the Capet of France to the Kings of England, from the Kings in Spain to the Kings of Hungary and the Russian Tsars.
Considering that most people believe that royal genealogies are concerning only royal people, few people realize that the descendance of Charlemagne includes thousands of people in Belgium, England, France, Germany, etc and also in the USA.
"History is the truth of the past. The passing of history encloses the future: if there is a divining method to reveal the secrets of the future that has a scientific foundation, it is this meticulous examination of the past, and it is in this manner that historic criticism of pure genealogy takes on a positive value, an inheritance to be passed down, remember that each one of us has two parents, 4 grandparents, 8 great grandparents, 16 great-great grandparents, who 8 generations ago were at the eve of the French Revolution, that our twelfth ancestor was the same age as Michelangelo and that the seventieth was the same age as Christ. By searching back from son to father we go back to the beginning of time; in fact we are all really brothers and sisters".
We do not consider requesting some Royal Family that they should be registered /certified with us or to any Commissions on Nobility to be considered genuine, there is NO need for any genuine Royal, Noble or Order to need any kind of registration/certification with any organization to be considered genuine, as International Law covers them, along with many laws of countries that they are still or once ruled over. If they are genuine or not, that comes with Birthright and the knowledge of who they are and their places in history.
Traditional ranks among European royalty, peers, and nobility are rooted in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Although they vary over time and between geographic regions, for example, one region's prince might be equal to another's grand duke.
It is worth mentioning also that the princely families, with the sovereign attributes, requires NO RECOGNITION by the government of their country of origin, or submit any record in countries where its members settle in residence.
The dynastic and political independence is based on the sovereignty itself, which guides their social existence and regardless OF ANY LEGAL RECOGNITION, with respect to dynastic and private affairs. "
The lack of recognition does not mean that an Order (whether governmental, secular, religious, dynastic, or private) is not valid or valued.
Quote from Heraldica Org. on legal recognition of Order of Knighthood: "....Of course, one can well imagine a modern-day nobiliary association committed to some pious or charitable activity, perhaps placed under the invocation of some saint, using badges, mantles, holding ceremonies, and so forth. As I have argued, it would be anachronistic to call them orders of knighthood (and they would not have been called so in medieval times either), but otherwise there seems to be nothing to dispute about their nature. They are what they are. Some may also be revivals of historical institutions, and as long as they do not claim to be more than revivals, there is no sense in which they are not legitimate associations. Whether they are "the same" in some substantial (as opposed to historical) sense depends on how one views the importance of the context in defining the substance of such associations. In my mind, the context is paramount, but it is a matter of judgment.
The term "bogus" was so abused by Arthur Fox-Davies, who thought that any arms which were not delivered on parchment by a royal official were "bogus"; thus relegating 90% of heraldry into inexistence. There is no good reason why anyone could not create "orders of chivalry" today; how seriously such associations would be taken will depend on many factors, such as their membership, stated goals and veritable activities; but also on what they claim to be. Only people who would reject as "bogus" any such organization might be offended by the choice of certain orders. It is considered valid and undisputable from a legal point of view only a grant of honors or nobiliary titles coming from a Sovereign on the throne or a State sovereign. Creation of orders and decorations, in a way, is a much less objectionable way of rewarding services and of fund-raising. Those awarded such orders and decorations can wear them privately or on any occasion where they would be socially acceptable.
Arthur Charles Fox-Davies (28 February 1871 – 19 May 1928) was a British author on heraldry. By profession, he was a barrister but he also worked as a journalist and novelist. Born in Bristol, he was the second son of Thomas Edmond Davies (later Fox-Davies) of Coalbrookdale, Shropshire.
Fox-Davies' writing on heraldry is characterized by a passionate attachment to heraldry as art, history and also as law. He was something of a polemicist, and issued one of his most controversial works, The Right to Bear Arms, under the pseudonym X. However, he always supported his arguments with specific historical and manuscript evidence. He was the editor of the Genealogical Magazine from 1895-1906.
Our publishing may be subject to attacks or applause it depends on whichever side the commentators are on. Even among specialists personal opinions are numerals. The study of chivalric orders and awards systems is open to manifold interpretations because there is no supreme authority, except for the Holy See which is limited to Catholic orders of chivalry.
In today world, the Commission needs to expand its horizons, widening its principles in order to bring them into line with the objective reality of today’s society and the inevitable historical changes. The compilation lists of Chivalric Orders and Nobility Houses of some Private Organizations cannot be limited to the chivalric material of the past, thus Associations must adapt to the diverse award systems that exist today; the twenty first century.
Take a look around: as we are entering into the IIIrd Millennium the world has changed, and thus the political scene has changed from the time of the origin and the history of these orders...
"It should also be clear that, whereas national laws aim to provide clear-cut definitions or criteria, their validity extends only to their own borders. One country may well be indifferent to, or even recognize, what another calls bogus. A case in point is the various orders of Saint John recognized by their national governments (Britain, Germany, Netherlands) but not by others (France) or, until the early 1960s, by the Catholic Order itself.
The Military and Hospitaller Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem. Mons. Cardinale decided in 1981 that it would be in the interest of all concerned to declare the Order of St. Lazarus non existent. He was provoked into doing so by one person who claimed to be a leading figure in the Order, and whose conduct towards Archbishop Cardinale and the Holy See was objectionable.
The criteria upon which chivalric orders are judged are being questioned inside the Roman Curia. The fact that the Military and Hospitaller Order of St. Lazarus of Jerusalem has members belonging to various Christian denominations, makes it impossible to judge it solely on Catholic criteria, in spite of the fact that the Order has had a Catholic Patriarch as its Spiritual Protector since 1841, and today a number of Cardinals and high dignitaries of the Roman Curia are Spiritual Counselors to various Grand Priories.
Due to disputes and schisms between the Obedience (Branches), there are now three major organizations that claim the mantle of the Order of Saint Lazarus. For many decades the Malta and Paris obedience feuded over the Grand Magistry of the revived order, eventually reconciling as a united order.However, dissatisfied members of the Paris obedience broke away and formed the Orleans Obedience under a rival Grand Master. The UK based Hospitaller Order of Saint Lazarus has rejected the entire premise that the revived order is a continuation of the historic military order, and styled itself as a purely humanitarian hospitaller organization.
One of the arguments brought forward to bolster the claim of authenticity of an 'order' is the importance of its hospitaller works throughout the world. Is it necessary to state that support given to charitable activities, as worthy as that may be, does not constitute in any way proof of the historical legitimacy of an order of chivalry. Should philanthropy be a criterion of legitimacy, then the Shriners, The Independent Order of Odd Fellows or the Knights of Columbus and others could also raise the same pretensions.
There are a number of orders of knighthood, such as the Knights of Columbus, which have no background in chivalry, but are nonetheless worthwhile organizations. These are usually fraternal organizations. People in these organizations can be called knights, but it is not quite the same thing as being granted a title by monarch or historical order of chivalry.
There are more than 1.8 million members in 15,000 councils, with nearly 200 councils on college campuses. Membership is limited to "practical Catholic" men aged 18 or older
In the United States, as in other republics, the government awards decorations for valor and meritorious service but has no legal provision for orders of knighthood as such. Chivalric bodies are treated as private associations, registered as such with the state in which they have headquarters. The most sought-after status for American groups is that of a non-profit, tax-exempt charitable institution. Such status ignores whether or not a body is an authentic chivalrous order. In these circumstances it is easy to see why there has been indiscriminate use and abuse of the term, order of knighthood.
TITLES OF NOBILITY
"If nobility title has not been used for centuries, it is not lost, because the titles are granted ad infinitum by the concession deed, by magnanimity, for gestures and virtues, and sometimes for financial reasons, together with the coat of arms, motto and predicate, if involved). Therefore the concession of a noble title signifies a moral and effective recognition of special merits".
"The general opinion is to consider as authentic nobles only those who are effectively registered. But that is not exact, as these registers were partial and incomplete in the past as they are today and, no doubt, will be tomorrow. We must remember that each ruling Sovereign House obliged its subjects of noble status to submit to certain regulations regarding the recognition of their noble titles, and were only confirmed if they fulfilled certain conditions, which were usually not very economically or ideologically favorable for the person concerned. This meant, that the payment or otherwise of the tax became the discriminating factor to recognize a title, despite the full right to it, and therefore it was frequent that persons were excluded from the lists, which are still published by private associations.
(Discourse with the President of the Italian Heraldic Council – Marquis Vittorio Spreti Institute, Don Francesco Maria Mariano Duke of Otranto and Lipari).
Nevertheless, the only way to be certain of your family heritage is to have your family line researched by a professional genealogist.
Genealogists may encounter family traditions that they are of royal or noble descent. Such traditions are often vague and frequently false. Researchers are encouraged to trace their ancestry systematically backwards in time generation by generation. If in that process you discover an ancestor for whom there is good evidence of royal or noble descent, you should continue to investigate that line of research.
Many people are of the mistaken belief that a particular family coat of arms/crest is theirs just because their surname is the same or they come from the same country. This is not always true. For example the surname "Smith" has over 100 different coat of arms for that surname. This surname can be derived from several origins; for example the occupation of a person such a occupation of a black smith, tin smith, and silver smith and so on. Or the surname can be from the place a person came from, or even a description of a person.
It must be emphasized that, no matter what can be found on certain web sites or elsewhere, a true title of nobility cannot be bought. Those buying a title of nobility given by a more or less fantastic non reigning king or prince, have to know that the title is worthless. These kinds of titles will not increase any social status of the holder and will be seen among the true nobility and high society as ridiculous and odd. The feudal titles (such as Lord of the Manor) can be bought legally but they will not give any noble status. A true title of nobility can only be obtained if granted by an active head authority of the country such as a Monarch, President, etc).
A title of nobility is by no means subject to international standardization, but rather to national and local differences. A title of nobility, as it is used today, is in most cases honorific, that is, it does only carry honorific privileges. These honorific rights include the rights to be recognized as a nobleman / noblewoman and belonging to the class of the nobility, the right to, where appropriate, use the title in question, the right to use noble arms with proper noble insignia, and the right by common law to certain appropriate predicates.
A full treatment of the subject can be found at
What is “fons honorum” (fount of honor – right to grant honors)? The extent and contents of fons honorum (according to particular traditions, epochs, places and customs, include honorary distinctions of merit or other titles) encompasses orders of knighthood, nobility, titles of nobility linked or not to a peerage, noble titles devoid of nobility stricto sensu, recognized coat of arms, etc…(More at "Nobiliary Law" page).
It is not the intention of the International and Association on Nobility to be neither a competitor to nor a replacement for existing Heraldry Societies or any existing Nobility Associations. We welcome their contributions and efforts to promote the ideals of monarchy, nobility, royalty and chivalry.
One of the most important goals of this International Commission and Association on Nobility is to educate the general public about the International Nobility, topics related to it, and with representatives around the world. Another important goal is to support in everyday possible noble, royal, and imperial Houses by promoting activities to unite the members and non-members and thus struggle together for our most noble cause.
We are living in a world of not genuine titles, illegitimate pseudo-sovereigns and self-styled orders. Almost every day you go to a formal meeting without seeing at least one person wearing an "Order". Almost invariably, the wearer will tell you it was given to him by Prince "This" or Prince "That", the last surviving scion of a Royal House which you are convinced became extinct centuries ago.
Many wearers of such "Orders" rest with the assumption that the average person will have no idea what is and what is not a valid Order, and those who do know would be far too polite to start an argument in public.
There are many "orders of chivalry" on the internet, however not more than a good dozen is doubtlessly legitimate. Many of the so-called sovereign princes and patriarchs make false claims to non-existing thrones and are not a genuine fons honorum. Institutions which claim to be "legitimate" are in fact self-styled and illegitimate. The honors which are awarded by these pseudo-orders to anyone who is willing to pay the fee are completely worthless.
We need your support, please contribute to the cause.
On behalf of the Trustees and Regional Directors, we thank you for your inquiry and support.
Salvatore Ferdinando Antonio CAPUTO